Presenting Leadership for Social Justice
Integrated Service Delivery
About this multimedia case

What is ISD?

Franklin School

Why was ISD made?

How was ISD built?

What happened as a result of ISD?

How would it work in my school?

Home > What happened to Franklin? > What are the emergent challenges of ISD?

What are the emergent challenges of ISD?

Preserving class sizes

Franklin's Title I Waiver provided resources to keep class sizes down. However, recent changes in student demographics threaten to disqualify Franklin for Title I funds. Principal Hoffman decided to reallocating resources from other areas to continue preserve ISD classroom. Wisconsin SAGE program, which was designed to create smaller classrooms , supplemented the loss of Title I services, but the current state budget situation puts SAGE in question.

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Demographic shift

Franklin's student population now includes more Latino children. State law requires LEP students must be provided with a bilingual education program to teach reading and math in Spanish. ISD's goal of heterogeneous grouping is thus threatened by segregating Latino students into special classrooms.

Principal Hoffman responded by grouping Latino students into one first/second grade classroom and assigning a second teacher with predominantly European American students to the same classroom to maintain her goal of heterogeneous classrooms. Here Deb tells more about how she is dealing with this challenge.

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Partly cited from Capper, C.(forthcoming). Social justice through resource reallocation and academic assessment. In Capper and Young(Eds.) Educational Leaders for Social Justice. Teachers College Press.

How would ISD work in my school?