Presenting Leadership for Social Justice
Integrated Service Delivery
About this multimedia case

What is ISD?

Franklin School

Why was ISD made?

How was ISD built?

What happened as a result of ISD?

How would it work in my school?

Home > How was ISD built?

How was Integrated Service Delivery built?

Franklin's pullout programs reshaped and coordinated the daily schedule, the school curriculum, professional development, faculty hiring and staffing, and the school budget. Removing pullouts led to a fundamental restructuring of Franklin's instructional program.

The central mechanism of ISD was to reduce class size by adding special and dually certified teachers to classrooms. The design of ISD represented a mutually beneficial compromise to achieve equity in student learning while reducing class size.

Principal Hoffman took the lead in identifying the key issues of providing ISD. She soon realized, however, that building ISD required a collaborative effort with the district and the community. Even with a collaborative approach, ISD faced resistance from all quarters.


How was ISD built?


What was the strategy for building ISD?