Deb estimated that implementing ISD would require
a nearly 25% increase in funding over the district and state
professional development, ESL and special education funds.
Principal Hoffman applied for and received a Comprehensive
School Reform Grant in 1998 to supplement school resources.
The CSR grant added $61,941 to the Franklin budget - a 22%
gain in professional development and special education resources.
Developing the CSR grant helped Franklin teachers and leaders to coordinate
their previously fragmented resources. The LEP course and professional
and curriculum development programs helped teachers to integrate ESL practices
into their teaching, thus reframing the work of ESL and special education
Title I waiver
Title I program is designed to help disadvantaged students
succeed in school. Title I money comes with guidelines to
specify how services are to be delivered - usually in the
form of pullout programs.
In 1998, The US Department of Education authorized
a Title I waiver to allow schools to reshape service delivery.
Principal Hoffman succeeded in obtaining one of the first Title
1 waivers in Wisconsin. She argued that current service delivery
segregated students at Franklin could not help but serving children
needs in segregated learning environments. The Title 1 waiver
allowed Franklin to integrate special education service delivery
into classroom teaching practices.