Presenting Leadership for Social Justice
Integrated Service Delivery
About this multimedia case

What is ISD?

Franklin School

Why was ISD made?

How was ISD built?

What happened as a result of ISD?

How would it work in my school?

Home > How was it built? > What were the main obstacles for ISD?

What were the main obstacles for ISD?

Staff resistance
Several staff members were worried about how this change would effect their positions and their teaching. While class sizes were reduced for classroom teachers, ESL, Art, Music and Physical Education teachers now had many more class sections. Click here for more detail.

Teacher Union resistance
Several ESL teachers filed union grievances. The union argued the ESL program was a statutory requirement and that ISD sought to unfairly reassign ESL teachers. The union claimed eliminating pullout programs would not provide students with the instruction they deserved. Click here for more detail.

Parent resistance
Many parents remained skeptical because ISD sounded like distributing resources away from deserving students. Community members accustomed to pullout programs felt that ISD would rob deserving students of vital services. Parents expressed their dissatisfaction with ISD at school meetings and in local newspapers. Click here for more detail.

District resistance
The Madison Metropolitan School District were initially uncertain about the value of ISD, and some district leaders acted to block key steps at the beginning of the design process before district officers intervened on Franklin's behalf. Click here for more detail.

Staff resistance