Presenting Leadership for Social Justice
Integrated Service Delivery
About this multimedia case

What is ISD?

Franklin School

Why was ISD made?

How was ISD built?

What happened as a result of ISD?

How would it work in my school?

Home > How was it built? > What were the obstacles? > Union resistance

Teacher Union resistance

The teachers' union expressed early objections to Integrated Service Delivery. The union criticized Franklin school for abandoning the ESL program and teachers in an effort to lower class size. The union described Deb's idea of providing classes for regular classroom teachers to obtain ESL certification 'a prohibited practice.'

The letter that the Teachers' union sent to Deb
Hoffman and her response.

A news article on a teachers' union reaction to the ISD,Wisconsin State Journal (Madison, WI),June 1, 1998

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Parent resistance