Several parent groups rightly perceived ISD as a disruption of existing services. Principal Hoffman had to communicate
to concerned parents how the ISD program would serve their
children better than the traditional pullout programs.
Several parent groups took their case to the newspaper, and
sought counsel outside the school in their effort to deal
One parent, a liaison for the Hispanic community, became
upset when she found out that Principal Hoffman was asking
the board to vote on the ISD proposal even though many ESL
parents were not yet informed about the changes.
Several Hmong parents were concerned that the new program
was mainly targeted to deny their children ESL services
and divert resources to white students. The parents felt
that losing ESL teachers meant losing their advocates in
Many white parents also wondered how the change would
affect their children. Several parents were concerned that
ISD might increase racial profiling in the school.